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Historical Sites and Landscapes
Breathtaking Beauty - Tainan’s Sceneries
Temples
Qigu Salt Mountain

     While we look at the old town, walk through the neighborhood, we are right in the middle of a space with 300 years of history. In the meantime, we know all those old stories encompassing beauty and sorrow once happened here. The battle taking place in the Anping Port area and the fight between the Yingzaigong and the Wufuqiansue (Wangye) near the Bazhang Creek were all about Tainan. This is a paradisiac land with historical facts and beautiful legends woven in the sceneries. From the salt mountain village to the magnifi cent wonders and historical sites, this is Tainan.

Walk in the Neighborhood of Tainan
     The old town in Tainan has its remaining scent where a hundred years ago there were bustling and flourishing streets. In addition, there were numerous temples built at that time along with historic sites.
The sculpture of the Anping Miss Jing as sung in the old love song is still waiting for her beloved one, showing the melancholy of the old city. It seems like the beauty and sorrow drifting in the long history on this land starts to hum.
     Tainan's cultural trajectory dating back to the Dutch occupation and the remaining historical sites put together the whole context, with the remnant of ancient tiles and walls relating the story. Visiting the beautiful alleys, the Anping Fort, the Tait, the old Julius Mannich & CO. and the old well in the Yanping Street, they are all presented in the cultural context. When we set foot on the monuments, we not only travel through space and time but also are impregnated by the cultural beauty of Tainan.

Historic Buildings, the East Meets the West
     In 1624, the Dutch built a castle on the Kunshen sandbank along the west coast of Taijian. The castle was originally named Orange, and then renamed Zeelandia. After Taiwan was taken back by the Chinese government, the castle was later renamed Anping Fort, of which the ancient structures and buildings are classified as a National Heritage site. The exploitation of the residents by the Dutch explains the Guo Huaian fight against the Dutch regime. The Dutch were alerted and the following year, after having appeased the situation, they built the Provinita with the ancient method of stacking bricks. Provinita means “God’ s blessing.” They made this place not only their defense, but also as their commercial and political center.
Today it is the Chihkan Tower. From the distance, the Zeelandia can be seen. In 1661, Zheng Cheng-gong built the Mazu Temple in Luermen after he successfully defeated the Dutch. Afterwards, there was the diversion and reconstruction of the Tsengwen River and the refurbishment of ancient temples. We can now imagine old scenes of the streets while wandering in Luermen.

The Confucius Temple and the Official God of War Temple are Highly Respected
     In 1665, Zheng Jing built four temples in Tainan, namely, the Confucius Temple, the Arctic Temple, the Mazu Temple and the Offi cial God of War Temple. The National monument, the Confucius Temple is also known as Wen Temple, and was the first of this kind established in Taiwan and the National Academy, thus it was also called the "first academy in Taiwan". The most complete paiza is kept on the right side of the door in the temple, which is the plate written in Man and Chinese languages: “Offi cials of culture and of war, as long as soldiers and civilians are demanded to dismount here.” In addition, there are 108 doornails on each set of doors displaying the majestic of the Temple. The Offi ce Temple of God of War is commonly known as Grand Temple of Kuan-Ti, and also known as the Wu Temple. With its courtyard divided into three sections, this is the only offi cial Wu Temple in the city and also a national monument.

Beautifal Sceneries, Paradisiac Land
     Set with mountains behind and the sea in the front, people in Tainan are either fi shsermen or farmers with a very optimistic attitude. The story of the Nankunshen Wanshanye (Yingzaigong) that fought over a spiritual land against the Wufu Qianxue is still told in this land. It is said that at that time, people heard horses neighing, weapons striking every afternoon, and people could not see through the area around the Kanglang Mountain because of the dust. No more sun or moonlight appeared until the Saint Mother (Tianshang Shengmu) and Great Emperor (Baoshen Dadi) came to mediate. Thus both sides accepted sharing prayers and incense in the world of mortals. Other than temples, the numerous fi sh ponds, salt fi elds and other cultural activities developed closely on this land. The 338 years of salt production history is condensed into today's Qigu Salt Mountain and Beimen Tile salt beach. The remaining Beimen Chuzhangxuo’s salt refi nery and its building allowed people to understand certain
aspects of the cultural background of Tainan.

On Top of the Temples, Craftsmen Show Their Skills
     The Nankunshen Temple in Beimen was famous for its sculptured stone wall, the garden landscaping and Tainan’s famous architectural sculpture master Yeh Jinyi’s magnificent works. The building for pilgrims has the double siheyuan of the Fujian Kanglang Villa style.
It is simple and lovely and many writers and poets enjoy gathering together in the Yenfen area. Moreover, the temples on the coast are famous for their decoration: the Ciji Temple in Xuejia is famous for Ye Wang’s koji pottery and He Jinlong’s architectural sculpture. People can easily fi nd works and fascinating stories about Yeh Wang’s works at the Yeh Wang Koji Pottery Museum. The Zhenxing Temple in Jiali is known for its exquisite pottery of Eight Immortals crossing the sea and in the Jintang Hall of Jiali, people can see the vivid architectural sculptures made by He Jinlong as well.

Temples Drums and Bells, Loving Guanziling
     The musician Wu Jinhuai wrote a song "Love for the Guanziling" which displays the scattering mountains with ancient temples, landscapes and hot springs of this land. Here, the four seasons all have their particular colors accompanied by the temple’s drums and bells singing, and the legends remain unchanged. It is said that the Daxian Temple is the place where immortal souls cast net, and where the solemn ancient gate is decorated by the mountain and green bamboo. In addition, the Piyun Temple is also a spiritual place perching on the Zhento Mountain. And the Chumi Hole right next to the gate holds legends that remain interesting discussion topics.

Four Seasons at the Shanhu Lake
     In March, following the paths winding up to Wushantou, people see pink and white Southern Coastal Provinces Cherry blossom falling in drizzles. It seems to be quite romantic, charming and sad fortelling a poignant story from a half century ago.

     The founder of the Chianan Canal, the Japanese technician Yoichi Hatta spent 10 years to build the biggest dam in Asia, the Wushantou Reservoir, as well as the Chianan Canal. In 1930, after the completion of both constructions, the endless Chianan plain became fertile rice fields, Taiwan's major granary. In the summer of 1942, at age 56, Yoichi Hatta was sent to the Philippines and died on the sea. In the late autumn of 1946, after Japan's defeat, his wife Toyoki Hatta distraught over her husband and this land and ended her life by jumping into the Wushantou Reservoir.
Whether it’s the unique result of the hydraulic engineering or the beautiful lake scenery, Yoichi Hatta did leave valuable cultural heritages to Tainan. On top of the hill over the Shanhu Lake, Yoichi Hatta and Toyoki Hatta always guarded the Chianan Plain.

Unique Ciaoshan Moon World
     Following the mountain path down south, we see the Yunang road extend to the Xinyua and Zuozhen areas, full of rocks and wilderness. To the south of Zuozhen, Ciaoshan Moon World has quite a unique landscape. There is Schungite, washed out, ragged and bared by nature and the river. There the erosion carved out the breathtaking, mountainous, desolate scene. When we see it under the stars, this place becomes a silver land, hence the name Moon World. Whether you visit it during the night or at dawn, the Moon World holds breathtaking beauty for you. Moreover, you can climb up to the 308 Highland to admire those mountains and mist, or see the far away clouds. This is the home of the Pingpu Siraya tribe and the barren land which gestated its rich cultural heritage.